Molecular Biology & Application
Molecular diagnosis has a wide range of application in sorting problem affecting human condition. Because of wide applications of certain techniques molecular biology has rapidly became pervasive. Molecular diagnosis exerting nucleic acids ( DNA or RNA ) is not only limited to medicine, but can be applied in so many diverse fields such as population genetics, toxicology, pharmacogenomics, forensics, archaeology, paleontology, genetically modified organisms. Approaches in molecular biology and genetic engineering technology, microbial genetic manipulations have promoted the application of microorganisms in in ecological and environmental research. Genetically engineered microorganisms are being developed and assessed for their beneficial uses in environmental monitoring, toxic chemicals pollution control and genetically engineered microorganisms. Molecular biology in detection and characterization of microorganisms has changed fundamentally the diagnostic microbiology. PCR helps in rapid detection of microorganisms. The nucleic acid amplification and detection has guided to alter from laboratory to molecular methods of diagnosis for rapid detection of microorganisms. Molecular Detection has come to microbiology laboratory in the form of PCR. The detection of viral infections can be done in low cost, decreased time and without proficient labours using molecular techniques. Western Blot is used for detection of HIV. Treatment analysis and monitoring of viral DNA and RNA can also be done using molecular techniques. Along with viruses bacteria can also be studied using molecular techniques.